Xavier Rambla Sociologia

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març 16 2017

Did a complex web of education policy transfer contribute to human development? Comparing Brazil and the Philippines

For the last decades Brazil has overcome the Philippines regarding the UNDP  indexes of education and life expectancy. These disparate trends highlight the diversity of middle-income countries. Although Brazil and the Phillippines have suffered in a similar way from the so-called “middle-income trap“, their human development has not followed a correlative pattern. I have analysed the factors of these trends in a recent publication.

A particular correlation with the patterns of education policy transfer is telling. Both countries have repeatedly adopted the policies widely sponsored by the International Financial Institutions since the eighties. Some time ago the Philippines was also cited a best practice of the Green Revolution.

However, Brazil struggled to adopt a different view regarding social policies. Its main conditional cash transfer scheme, Bolsa Familia, was initially a local initiative but became a popular programme for most international organisations. The administrations of Inácio Lula da Silva and Dilma Rousseff also engaged in multi-layered consultation to design and implement Federal plans for Education, as required by the 1988 Constitution. At the same time, an array of political players built coalitions which promoted diverging but related views of education policy. Thus, the Global Campaign for Education allied with teacher unions, Federal, state and local administrations as well as international organisations such as UNESCO and the Organisation of Ibero-American States. The business community also searched for the support of the World Bank to launch the Todos pela Educaçao campaign. Did this dense network of collaboration foster an improving trend of human and educational development? Statistical trends were remarkably positive since the nineties. How was conflict managed within the frame of this civil society? Looking at the impeachment of President Rousseff, it is obvious that conflict was a powerful underlying process. This is really an intriguing case for further research


This entry was posted on Dijous, 16 març, 2017 at 12:51 and is filed under Educació i polítiques socials. You can follow any responses to this entry through the feed. You can leave a response, or trackback from your own site.

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