A la versió en línia de la revista Science apareix un interessant article de tres investigadors de la Universitat de Groningen que ens hauria de fer reflexionar als qui transitem pels passadissos i els camins de Lletres (gràcies a la M. Teresa per fer-me’l arribar). En transcric el resum:
The Spreading of Disorder
Kees Keizer,* Siegwart Lindenberg, Linda Steg
Imagine that the neighborhood you are living in is covered with graffiti, litter, and unreturned shopping carts. Would this reality cause you to litter more, trespass, or even steal? A thesis known as the broken windows theory suggests that signs of disorderly and petty criminal behavior trigger more disorderly and petty criminal behavior, thus causing the behavior to spread. This may cause neighborhoods to decay and the quality of life of its inhabitants to deteriorate. For a city government, this may be a vital policy issue. But does disorder really spread in neighborhoods? So far there has not been strong empirical support, and it is not clear what constitutes disorder and what may make it spread. We generated hypotheses about the spread of disorder and tested them in six field experiments. We found that, when people observe that others violated a certain social norm or legitimate rule, they are more likely to violate other norms or rules, which causes disorder to spread.