Conocimiento Abierto

Un blog sobre el acceso libre al conocimiento

Archive for the category Publicaciones

febr. 19 2012

Open Data Manual

Posted in General, Publicaciones |

Cada vez es más frecuente leer sobre “datos abiertos”. En este manual podemos aprender un poco más sobre ello.

Do you know exactly how much of your tax money is spent on street lights or on cancer research? What is the shortest, safest and most scenic bicycle route from your home to your work? And what is in the air that you breathe along the way? Where in your region will you find the best job opportunities and the highest number of fruit trees per capita? When can you influence decisions about topics you deeply care about, and whom should you talk to?

New technologies now make it possible to build the services to answer these questions automatically. Much of the data you would need to answer these questions is generated by public bodies. However, often the data required is not yet available in a form which is easy to use. This book is about how to unlock the potential of official and other information to enable new services, to improve the lives of citizens and to make government and society work better.

The notion of open data and specifically open government data – information, public or otherwise, which anyone is free to access and re-use for any purpose – has been around for some years. In 2009 open data started to become visible in the mainstream, with various governments (such as the USA, UK, Canada and New Zealand) announcing new initiatives towards opening up their public information.

This book explains the basic concepts of ‘open data’, especially in relation to government. It covers how open data creates value and can have a positive impact in many different areas. In addition to exploring the background, the handbook also provides concrete information on how to produce open data.


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set. 29 2011

Publicación en revistas de libre acceso

Posted in General, Publicaciones |

Por mucho que se defienda la publicación en revistas de acceso abierto, no es nada fácil tomar decisiones como la de Steve Wheeler.

Visto en “Octeto”
http://cent.uji.es/octeto/node/2508

Steve Wheeler, profesor de tecnología educativa de la Universidad de Plumouth, ha anunciado recientemente en su blog la intención de no publicar más en revistas de pago y hacerlo solamente en las de libre acceso. ¿Las razones? Las obvias, las que todos sabemos. Copio aquí abajo dos párrafos de su blog:

The publishing industry should no longer be allowed to operate such cynical, profiteering business models. The content they sell has been given to them for free by exceptionally skilled academics who have spent their valuable time and energy researching and writing their reports. The price we are expected to pay to read the work of our own community is unjustifiable. How much does it cost a publishing house to create and maintain an online journal? The cost of reading journal articles should be reduced or eradicated completely, or academics should vote with their feet. What would happen if we all pledged to no longer patronise the publishing houses in future? What would be their response if we all promised we would no longer publish our work in their journals? Actually, I articulated these very sentiments in What if they threw a party and none of us came? on my blog last year. If all academics withdrew their labour, the publishers would have to think again.

Taking out a personal subscription of a Taylor and Francis journal can be particularly expensive. Learning, Media and Technology (4 issues a year) comes in at around £70 per issue. Sister journal Technology, Pedagogy and Education (3 issues each year) is much cheaper at £18 per issue. Another T and F journal Interactive Learning Environments (currently 5 issues a year) works out at just over £26 per issue for an individual subscription. Taylor and Francis also offer individual online articles for download at just £21 per copy. Wiley’s British Journal of Educational Technology will cost you between £232 (or £403 for the rest of world) for 6 issues. That’s more than £38 (£67) for an issue, each of which is on average 175 pages in length. A slightly better deal is Elsevier’s Computers in Education journal which at 8 issues a year works out at just £34 per issue for a personal subscription. Why the fluctuation in prices? Only the publishers can explain that one. I ask again, why do publishers charge such high prices for knowledge? If we continue to allow knowledge to be commoditised to such an extent that it is only available to the privileged few who can afford it, we are in effect, perpetuating an unjust society. In the long term, this can only damage the academic community.


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oct. 13 2010

The Knowledge Society

Posted in Publicaciones |

Tebbens, Wouter & Ten Berge, Hinde & Jacovkis, David. (2010). The Knowledge Society. Open Source Jaarboek 2010. MediaUpdate Vakpublicaties, Gorredijk (The Netherlands).
Disponible aquí

“In this article we will briefly explore the rise of the Information Society and argue for a knowledge society that encourages individual freedoms while not diminishing others. We question some of the efforts to bring the Internet under control by specific interest groups. Some of those groups are at the same time firm advocates of increasingly stronger copyright and patent regimes. The need for such state granted monopolies is discussed from a critical point of view to review whether the granting of such strong monopolies is justified in order to achieve the declared goals.”


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gen. 07 2010

OA Advantage

Posted in Publicaciones |

Uno de los muchos textos en los que se demuestra que los artículos OA reciben un mayor número de citas. En este caso se argumenta que la razón no es simplemente la mayor accesibilidad, sino la mayor calidad.

Yassine Gargouri, Chawki Hajjem, Vincent Lariviere, Yves Gingras, Les
Carr, Tim Brody, Stevan Harnad
http://arxiv.org/abs/1001.0361

ABSTRACT: Articles whose authors make them Open Access (OA) by self-archiving them
online are cited significantly more than articles accessible only to
subscribers. Some have suggested that this "OA Advantage" may not be causal but
just a self-selection bias, because authors preferentially make higher-quality
articles OA. To test this we compared self-selective self-archiving with
mandatory self-archiving for a sample of 27,197 articles published 2002-2006 in
1,984 journals. The OA Advantage proved just as high for both. Logistic
regression showed that the advantage is independent of other correlates of
citations (article age; journal impact factor; number of co-authors, references
or pages; field; article type; or country) and greatest for the most highly
cited articles. The OA Advantage is real, independent and causal, but skewed.
Its size is indeed correlated with quality, just as citations themselves are
(the top 20% of articles receive about 80% of all citations). The advantage is
greater for the more citeable articles, not because of a quality bias from
authors self-selecting what to make OA, but because of a quality advantage,
from users self-selecting what to use and cite, freed by OA from the
constraints of selective accessibility to subscribers only.

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gen. 05 2010

Freud en Dominio Público

Cada año las obras de un gran número de autor@s pasan a ser de “dominio público”, es decir, pasan a ser de libre utilización para todo el mundo, sin necesidad de pagar o pedir permiso a los propietarios del (inexistente) copyright. Según la legislación de la Unión Europea, esto ocurre 70 años después de la muerte del autor.

Este año, entre otros, le ha tocado el turno a Sigmund Freud (6 de mayo de 1856 a a 23 de septiembre de 1939).

¿Quires saber qué otros autor@s pasan a ser de “dominio público”? Aquí tienes una lista.


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des. 30 2009

Libro de James Boyle

Posted in Publicaciones |

 Otro libro

Boyle, J. (2008). The Public Domain. Enclosing the Commons of the Mind. New Haven: Yale University Press. Recuperado a partir de http://www.thepublicdomain.org/ 

“Our music, our culture, our science and our economic welfare all depend on a delicate balance between those ideas that are controlled and those that are free, between intellectual property and the public domain “


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des. 30 2009

Libro traducido

Posted in Publicaciones |

Hace tiempo publicábamos el enlace al texto “Science Publication using Open Access”, una recopilación de textos editada por E.Canessa y M.Zennaro.

También puede encontrarse en castellano en:

 http://accesoabierto.saber.ula.ve/openaccesswiki/images/6/68/AccesoAbiertoConocimientoP.pdf


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juny 12 2009

Acceso abierto a las publicaciones científicas

Posted in Publicaciones |

“Acceso abierto a las publicaciones científicas: definición, recursos, copyright e impacto”. Artículo publicado por Remedios Melero en “El profesional de la información”, vol. 14, num. 4, julio-agosto 2005.

http://www.iata.csic.es/~bibrem/historial/curriculum/EPI-rmelero.pdf

En el artículo analiza el significado y las implicaciones del Acceso Abierto en las publicaciones científicas.


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març 29 2009

Artículo sobre revistas científicas electrónicas

Posted in Publicaciones |

Aquí podéis encontrar un interesantísimo artículo sobre las revistas científicas electrónicas, publicado por E-REVISTAS

http://www.erevistas.csic.es/especial_revistas/revistas1.htm


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nov. 28 2008

Informe APEI sobre acceso abierto

Posted in Publicaciones |

http://eprints.rclis.org/15107/

“Informe sobre acceso abierto en el que se explica en que consiste el movimiento ‘open access’, las nuevas formas de comunicación científica, el funcionamiento de los repositorios y la situación del acceso abierto en España. Contenidos: 1: La edición electrónica (revistas electrónicas, comunicación científica). 2: Libre acceso a los resultados de la investigación (movimiento por el acceso abierto, propiedad intelectual). 3: La edición y el libre acceso (políticas editoriales, datos sobre acceso abierto). 4: Repositorios, recolectores y servicios (repositorios, autoarchivo, recolectores, revistas en acceso abierto). 5: Repositorios y recolectores en España (desarrollo de repositorios, iniciativas estatales). 6. Recursos de información (fuentes y bibliografia).”


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