drawing up the timetable 0


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Scholar timetable (5th grade)

Although there are different models of timetables, we have decided to follow the rational one rather than the others because it is in the middle between the inflexibility of the rigid timetable model and the extreme flexibility of the cooperative model.

Moreover, despite from this main reason mentioned above, the rational model takes into account the weekly planning but it avoids the conventional structure based on rigid division of hours and subjects. In addition to this, this model has a clear advantage for children and for teachers which its flexibility. Following this model, the timetable allows teachers to design a general planning which whose main characteristics are that it is flexible and it can be changed while the week. For instance if one activity is not finished, it can be longer so, we can take time from another subject or from another activity planned instead of cutting the activity or the session prepared.

Additionally we have to remark that we have decided to arrange a type of  non-intensive timetable. This is, there are classes in the morning and in the afternoon with a break of two hours and a half. The main aspects that have determined this decision are two: biological conditionings and sociological ones. The first one, refers to different factors that influence students behavior, like the importance of a relaxation period during midday time; subject distribution according to its fatigue; programming scholar work considering fluctuations in attention levels… The second one, makes reference to these circumstances like family jobs; social habits; political aspects that also condition scholar timetable.

In the sample of timetable, we can observe that the tutor is the teacher who has the most numbers of hours with his/her tutees. This fact gives many opportunities to teacher in order to organize his/herself in class. In terms of time management, it offers a big chance for the tutor who can plan different kind of activities of different length. The timing is completely flexible because the tutor has many subjects which even though each subject has one specific hour the tutor can make one longer and another session shorter. For instance if we observed Monday morning till 8.30 to 10.30, the tutor is the teacher who taught mathematics and Catalan language. This means that she/he can make longer the first session of mathematics if she/he needs more time or the other way around, the tutor can take time from the first session to make the Catalan class longer if it is necessary. This kind of organization is an advantage because the activities can be very varied and we can make longer one activity until it is finished instead of leaving it for another day.

As we can see in the timetable there are some days when the tutor has two or more subjects with the same group in that way he/she can manage the time as he/she prefers. However, the tutor is not the only teacher who has this planning, if we have a look on Thursday morning till 8.30 to 10.30, the specialist of physical education is the same teacher who taught social science afterwards. Therefore, he can manage time as it is better. Furthermore, as in physical education children must have a shower, the teacher always let them more time. This means that the following class will be shorter but it is not a problem because then on Mondays till 11 to 12, they have a whole hour to social science so, the teacher can combine longer and shorter activities. 

On the other hand, we should remark the fact that classes start at half past eight in the morning. This is because of a factor very important among teachers in terms of “organization management”: if they have more time available in midday they can arrange in a better way meetings; self teacher work; formation courses… In conclusion, having a good planning in the school is an essential point, and at the end having half an hour more is really useful to facilitate this fact.

Another point we would like to refer is the thing that almost all the afternoons we have arranged subjects that are “easy to carry out”. In other words, we could say that they are intellectually effortless, like Informatics and Gymnastics on Monday and Wednesday respectively; or on Friday that they have Library and Tutorial time.

In this part, we have to take into account the fact that students are more tired during this afternoon period (after being the whole day at school) and at the same time they are also excited because school time is coming to an end. The thing is that they are not enough concentrated to carry out subjects that demand some specific skills.

Now, we would like to refer to some aspects that are specifically referred to some subjects in terms of their organization.

First of all we want to make a  distinction between Science and English CN, because the first one refers to Science carried out in Catalan and the second one refers to Science carried out in English (CLIL’s integration) because of a initiative that takes part in the scholar program. For this reason, we have to mention that the tutor and the English specialist respectively have to arrange the subjects’ courses more or less together for helping students not being confused.

On the other hand, we have to comment that on Thursdays afternoon during Catalan’s time, 5th grade and 6th grade students are mixed up in order to get what we know by peer tutoring under teachers’ guidance. It is always useful because they learn ones from others,  and they feel good helping their peers. They are indirectly achieving oral competences, writing competences, the reading ones…  Furthermore, the organisation is possible because there are four teachers to teach the students , who are divided into four groups of different levels.

Finally we would like to remark that during workshops carried on Wednesdays it has been possible to bring some mums and grandparents to. It is really interesting to integrate community in class because students can learn a lot of their adults. It has been demonstrated that promoting these kind of relationships can be really fruitful for pupils learning process and their “social development”. Moreover, we have decided to consider this subject the best option to let parents and other relatives participate in class due to the time of the class and the topic. We think that everybody can contribute with their own ideas and the class is taught from 12 to 13, so it is a good option because after this class, the relatives can pick their children up in order to have lunch at home. 

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Think about the factors that determine the scholar timetable. 0

There are several factors which determine the scholar timetable and we have mentioned them below:

Determining factors of the scholar timetable: 

• Hygienic biological: 

These factors affect the behaviour of people.

– The central days of the week are the best ones for performance

– The most problematic periods at school are the first year/s of schooling and during puberty

– It is necessary to plan schoolwork taking into consideration the fluctuations of attention level

– In infant education, it is necessary a relaxing period after having lunch

– We should alternate activities that implies language with spatial activities (combining the way we process information and the use of the different two hemispheres of our brain)

– Distribute subjects according to their level of tiredness

– The period pupils are less tired is one hour and a half after doing any vital activity: to sleep, to eat…

– Activity timing when adults produce the maximum is between 90 and 120 minutes (the maximum intensity is at 45 minutes). It varies depending on the age:

6-year students can keep the attention for 20 minutes

7/8-year students can keep the attention for 25 minutes

9/10- year students can keep the attention for 30 minutes

13/14- year students can keep the attention for 40 minutes

It is possible to rest in order to keep attention again. The rest should be something relaxing or different activity more lively. 


They are defined from the curriculum and organizational factors (depending on the subjects that should be taught or the facilities and the number of different classrooms of the school) 

• Sociological

Circumstances with a social origin that usually work as the background of the previous factors and they make them possible or limit the realization. Some examples:

– Rules

– Labour situation

– Family’s job

– Social customs

– Social needs

– Politic situations

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Find out what are the existing models of the scholar day and choose the most suitable for this case: 0

Find out what are the existing models of the scholar day and choose the most suitable for this case:


Basically there are two main models of scholar day: the divided scholar day model (from 9h to 13h in the morning and from 15h to 17h in the afternoon) and the compact scholar day model (from 9h to 15h). The divided scholar day is the most frequent model applied to Catalan primary schools. However it has been applied for a long time and now, in order to adapt the school system to the present society, the discussion about the pros and cons of each model came up again.

On one hand, the ones who defend the compact scholar day, ensure that it would suppose a better organisation and a more effective pedagogical programme, they foster a” rationalization of the scholar journey”. It is said, that in our contemporary society the compact model fits best in most of the urban families’ timetables. In a divided model,

Parents complain about the fact of having to bring and pick up children four times a day (when they have lunch at home). Furthermore, the compact model gives the children the possibility of taking part in several extracurricular activities during the afternoon (English, Informatics, Sports…).

On the other hand the tradition of the divided scholar journey model is completely established in our primary schools. The general opinion explains that the divided model is a better system for the parents who work until the afternoon. Otherwise they could not attend their children. For a long time primary schools have been organised in a divided model and the application of a compact model requires a procedure that should be accepted by the administration. However the application of a specific model depends on several factors: the social reality of the school community, the geographical context… Sometimes very isolated schools from rural areas, choose a compact model in order to facilitate the transport conditions for the families.

To our mind in CEIP Quixot they should apply for a divided scholar journey model in the primary school and for a compact scholar journey model in the secondary school. It is important to specify that the school is located in the heart of Gràcia neighbourhood and that probably means that the families are a part of this neighbourhood and most of the children can have easily lunch at home. In the primary school a divided journey fits best. If the families are living close to the school the divided scholar journey presents a more quite programme (less stressful) which enables children to have a break in the midday and deserve this time to do extra curricular activities, to play, to have lunch and to be children out of the classroom.  

  However in the secondary school, we chose a compact scholar day because it is more effective for the students. In this case, the pupils do not depend on their parents (in most cases) and they should be able to administrate their own time. Most of the afternoons in secondary school are devoted to do the established large amounts of homework. Furthermore, choosing a compact model for a secondary school we are offering the students a certain degree of autonomy and the possibility to manage their own “free time” which is an essential element to become adults

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Think about the socio-historical circumstances that have favoured the generalization of the timetable model and the current calendar. 2

As future teachers, we should know that there is more than one aspect to take into account when the calendar or the timetable of the school is designed. According to Armengol, Feixes, Pallarés (2000) there are three different type of determining factors which are mentioned below:

–          Hygienic and biological aspect

–          Pedagogical aspect

–          Sociological aspect

However, we are going to reflect on the third factor named socio-historical circumstances or aspects.

Our current calendar is based on a educational law ( LOE, 2004) which establishes that each school has 175 hours of lesson per year. However, it does not specify the organisation or distribution of these hours. Despite this autonomy, our education system is following the same calendar and the same type of timetable since the Franco’s dictatorship or even before. Nevertheless, our current calendar had a reasonable explanation to be implemented in the past. For instance, we have Christmas and Easter holidays because the priest were teachers in the past and they had to offer mass so they needed free time to carry out these religious responsibilities. As a consequence, children did not have classes because they did not have an available teacher during those weeks.

Another explanation to understand the summer holidays is based on our rural background. In other words, all families should harvest so they needed all the members of each families to work on this task. As a result, all schools were close because their students were gathering vegetable or fruits in.

It could seem surrealistic but we have followed this pattern until our current society. However, there are other reasons like the climatic conditions of Spain or the timetables of our students’ families. What is more, the last one is the most controversial factor related to this topic because some families are worries about the lack of coordination between the school and their job timetables. Besides, a vast number of families are not willing to accept this situation and they are supporting and forcing the government in order to modify the current conditions.

With regards to our timetable, we should emphasize that our country supports the school day with a lunch break of two hours because some students are used to have a nap after having lunch. Moreover, parents finish at 13:00h on average to lunch so the school should adapt its timetables to the families ones because this institution is maintained by the Government which is elected by the population. In other words, the Government should consider families’ opinions before getting pedagogical benefits in order to design a new type of timetable.


Moreover, in Spain, people have dinner very late so if children have to go to the school in the afternoon, they do not waste their time at home by playing the console or disturbing their parents when they have to do other things, sometimes irrelevant things like watching soap operas. Despite this reason, there are some biological one, for instance, students are ready to work hardly one hour and a half after doing a vital function like sleeping or eating. Therefore, our current timetable also takes this important aspect into account.

In kindergarten, this time to relax should be compulsory due to some biological and hygienic reasons.

Following with this aspect, Catalonia supports the school day with a lunch break in order to benefit and to help some mothers to start their work-related lives. In other words, some mothers want to work because the standards of living are improving and Catalan families need more money to afford the daily situations and to cater their needs. As a result, in the vast majority of families both parents are working and mothers, who is the most important figure in the upbringing of their children despite the increasing participation of fathers, usually finishes around 17: 00h because they usually develop some office work and these institutions close at that time. But if the school closed before that time, some mothers wouldn’t work and it could cause some real problems for those families. This explanation could be misunderstood but we should be honest and mothers are the person in charge of children par excellence as a consequence of a deep-rooted tradition.

Finally, I would like to point out that the need of having a timetable was created by the first industries which wanted their workers (the majority were children) to get used to following a schedule. This anecdote is interesting and we think that this statement support our ides that timetables and calendars are the result of a capitalist society.


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about timetables ( some experiences can help us to build up our own opinion in order to solve the case) 0


Tamara: Girls!! I have found an interesting video in a website. In my opinion, it is an innovative experience which shows us that flexible timetables can be possible.


I am sorry, I cannot upload it because you  can use for educational purposes in the United Kingdom only. However, I have copied the link in this blog for you.

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Case number 4 : doubts and comments 1

here, you can add comments about the case number 4.

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we are worried about our future as teachers and about the future of our students!!! 0


Some classmates have asked about LEC and Bolonia in class. So , we have decided to tranfer the information received and we want to share our opinions in order to carry out a debate through our blogs to reflect on the new laws and the new situation. So , if you want to express something or you have any doubt, write and share it. What is more, we can work in a cooperative way and it could be enriching for all of us!!!

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information about the current situation 0

Referring to the current educational panorama, we consider that as future teachers and as University students, we have the right of being informed and the obligation to consult and participate in those meetings which offers this information to build up your own opinion. As a result, we have decided to provide you the following links in which you can read about bolonya program and some other important issues related to the educational field.

 http://firgoa.usc.es/drupal ( this website inform about the situation in europe)

www.europeanstudentforum.org/spip.php?auteur1001 ( theoretical information about Bolonya)

Finally, as you know, our faculty is going to be ocupied next Tuesday to express the dissatisfaction with the new educational panorama. So, we will invite you to participate because if the students have decided to do it, we should participate to take some benefits of it. These days, you can express your opinion and you can ask about the new educational situation!!!So, please, participate!!!

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Information about the case number 1: GETTING TO KNOW THE SCHOOL 0


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