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Archive for the category Gramàtica

Des 04 2012

Future simple: Will (‘ll)

dioma: anglès
Nivell:A1  (nivell 1)
Destresa: gramàtica

Objectives: The main goal is to learn the future simple.

Task: Look at these charts and complete the exercises.

 


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Nov 22 2012

IN / AT / ON

 

Idioma: anglès
Nivell:A1  (nivell 1) i A2 (Nivell 2)
Destresa: gramàtica

Objectives: The main goal is to learn how to use these prepositions (in/at/on).

Task: Read the explanation about the use of these prepositions and complete the following exercise.


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Nov 20 2012

Contractions

Idioma: anglès
Nivell:A1  (nivell 1)
Destresa: gramàtica

Objectives: The main goal is to identify and use contractions in English.

Task: Read the explanation about the use of contractions in English and complete the following exercise.

Grammar:

English contractions are usually used in spoken English, but not in formal written English. However, written English is becoming more informal (emails, notes to friends, etc.)

Each of the following English contractions includes their full form and an example s provide context for understanding.

 

Positive Contractions

 

Verb to be: am, is, are = -‘m / -‘s / -‘re.

I’m visiting my parents.

She’s pregnant.

They’re my friends.

 

Future: will = -‘ll

I’ll go to Berlin.

We’ll play football tomorrow.

 

Verb “have” in present tense = -‘ve / -‘s.

I’ve been to Ireland many times.

You’ve got one brother.

She’s pretty.

Note: in third person singular the contraction used is –‘s rather than –‘ve.

 

Verb “have” (in past tense) and “would” = -‘d.

I would better go to the doctor = I’d better go to the doctor.

You had been working for two hours = You’d been working for two hours.

She would prefer to meet you later = She’d prefer to meet you later.

They had eaten their lunch = They’d eaten their lunch.

 

Negative Contractions

Here you have a list of  negative contractions used in English:

 

aren’t = are not

can’t = can not

couldn’t = could not

didn’tdid not
doesn’tdoes not
don’tdo not
hadn’thad not
hasn’thas not
isn’tis not
mustn’tmust not
needn’tneed not
shouldn’tshould not
wasn’twas not
weren’twere not
won’twill not
wouldn’twould not

Here you have a list of  common contractions in English:


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Nov 15 2012

Singular and plural nouns

Idioma: anglès
Nivell:A1  (nivell 1)
Destresa: gramàtica

Objectives: The main goal is to know how to make a singular noun plural.

Task: Read the explanation about how to make plural nouns and complete the exercise.

Grammar:

  • To make a singular noun plural, add –s:

Pencil –> Pencils

Door –> Doors

Tiger –>Tigers

 

*Notes:

a)     If the word ends in -ch, -sh, -x or -s, add –es:

Watch –> Watches

Dish –> Dishes

Box –> Boxes

Adress –> Adresses

 

b)    If the word ends in y, change to –ies:

Baby –> Babies

Study–> Studies

Lady –> Ladies

 

c)     Irregular plurals. Here are some examples:

Foot –> Feet

Tooth –> Teeth

Woman –> Women

Man –> Men

Child –> Children

Mouse –> Mice

Person –> People

Deer –> Deer

Sheep –> Sheep

Fish –> Fish (-es)


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Nov 15 2012

Subject and object pronouns

Idioma: anglès
Nivell:A1  (nivell 1)
Destresa: gramàtica

Objectives: The main goal is to learn the difference between subject and object pronouns and how to use them.

Task: Read the explanation about subject and object pronouns and complete the following Exercise.

Grammar:

*(Open this image)

 

  • The subject is the person (or thing) doing the action:

I go to the cinema once a week.

She listens to music every day.

They watch TV on Mondays.

 

  • The object is the person or thing receiving the action:

You saw her at school.

He telephoned me.

We went to the supermarket with him.

 


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Nov 10 2012

Countable and uncountable nouns

Idioma: anglès
Nivell:A1  (nivell 1)
Destresa: gramàtica

Objectives: The main goal is to learn the difference between countable and uncountable nouns.

Task: Read the explanation about countable and uncountable nouns and complete the exercise.

 

Grammar:

 

  • Countable nouns are things that can be counted:

a table, two computers, three folders

  • Uncountable nouns cannot be counted as one, two, three, etc:

Water, milk, information,

 

In order to count these things, the expressions as a litre of, a kilo of and a cup of are used.


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Des 11 2009

Basic prepositions

prepositions.jpg

Idioma: Anglès
Nivell: A1 (nivell 1)
Destresa:  parla

Communicative objectives:
With this activity you will use the basic prepositions and use them correctly when it comes to speak!

Task:
Describe the following picture using the prepositions above. Please describe it with great detail.

Grammar:

Before you start describing the picture, check out the following prepositions. Do you know any of them?

Behind, Between, In, In front of, In the middle of, Next to, On, On the left, On the right, Opposite, Under.


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Des 04 2009

Comparatives and superlatives

tall_short.jpg

Llengua: anglès
Nivell: A1
Destresa: gramàtica

Communicative Objectives:
To learn how to form and use comparative and superlative adjectives.

Task:
Read this explanation about comparatives and superlatives and try to fill in the gaps in the exercise

Grammar:
Comparatives and superlatives are special forms of adjectives which are used to compare two or more things.

• Comparatives: They are used to compare two things. We use than after comparative adjectives. With short adjectives you have to add –er whereas in long adjectives we have to add more + adjective.

E.g.: Mark is taller than Paul.
Helen is more intelligent than Mary.

• Superlatives: They are used to compare more than two things. It indicates that something has a greater degree than anything. Superlative sentences usually use THE, because there is only one superlative. Short adjectives are formed adding –est and long adjectives using the + most + adjective.

E.g.: George is the tallest in the class.
Mary is the most beautiful girl in the school.


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Oct 14 2009

Comparatives

picture1.jpg

Idioma: anglès
Nivell: A1 / A2 / B1 (nivell 1,2 i 3)
Destresa: gramàtica

Objectives:
The objective of this activity is that you learn how to use the comparatives properly

Task:
Read the grammar reference below and then complete the exercise attached.

grammar3.JPG


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Oct 14 2009

Genitive: ‘S or S’?

picture.jpg

Idioma: anglès
Nivell: 1 i 2
Destresa: gramàtica

Objectives:
With this activity you will learn the genitive forms in English.

Task:
Read the explanations below and do the exercises attached.

grammar2.JPG

Reference:
Sandra J. Brigs, Grammar strategies and practice. Scottforesman, USA: 1994

El·laboració:
Raquel Monrabal, març del 2006


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