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Set 07 2009

Definite vs. indefinite articles 4


Idioma: anglès
Nivell: B1 / B2.1 (nivell 3 i 4)
Destresa: gramàtica

Objectives: The main goal of this activity is to learn the difference between definite and indefinite articles and when to use them correctly.

Fill in the blanks of the attached exercise with the correct definite or indefinite article or leave it blank if no article is needed.


The is a definite article and is used to refer to specific or particular nouns.
A/an are indefinite articles and are used to modify non-specific nouns.
a + followed by a consonant
an + followed by a vowel
exception: a + followed by a constant sound => a European country (sounds like ‘yer-o-pi-an,’ i.e. begins with consonant ‘y’ sound)
o The indefinite articles are used to specify membership in a profession, nation, or religion.
o Do use the definite article before: names of rivers, oceans and seas, points on the globe (the Equator), geographical areas (the West), deserts, forests, gulfs, and peninsulas
o Do not use the definite article before: names of countries (except the Netherlands and the US), names of cities, towns, or states/provinces, names of streets, names of lakes and bays (except with a group of lakes like the Great Lakes), names of mountains (except with ranges of mountains), names of continents, names of islands (except with island chains)

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